Strategies by the Afghan Taliban to develop a hydroelectric dam on a significant river in eastern Afghanistan has actually raised issues in surrounding Pakistan.
A spokesperson for the Taliban’s Water and Energy Ministry stated on December 18 that the “study and style of the job are total.” Matiullah Abid informed RFE/RL’s Radio Azadi that building of the dam on the Kunar River would start when “funds are offered.”
A Pakistani provincial minister stated the unilateral choice by the Taliban to develop the dam “will be thought about a hostile act versus Pakistan.”
Jan Achakzai, the provincial info minister in the southwestern province of Balochistan, alerted of “serious repercussions,” consisting of “intensifying stress and prospective dispute.”
The 480-kilometer-long Kunar River comes from the Hindu Kush mountains in northeastern Afghanistan and combines with the Kabul River before streaming downstream into Pakistan.
Why It is necessary: Afghanistan’s rivers are a substantial source of fresh water for Pakistan. However the 2 next-door neighbors have actually never ever signed a bilateral water-sharing contract.
Disputes over Kabul’s strategies to develop dams on significant rivers, which would lower the circulation of water to Pakistan, threaten to be a source of stress and dispute in between the 2 nations.
The prepared hydroelectric dam on the Kunar River is the current enthusiastic facilities job carried out by the cash-strapped Taliban federal government, which stays worldwide unacknowledged.
Specialists stated the extremist group does not have the knowledge and financial resources to money the job. “Building dams needs technical knowledge, a robust supply chain, and a great deal of cash,” stated Najib Aqa Fahim, an Afghan water-management specialist.
Najibullah Sadid, another Afghan water specialist, stated the dam on the Kunar River is reasonably little and will not threaten water streams to Pakistan.
” Pakistani authorities are overemphasizing the dam’s effect,” he informed Radio Azadi. “It will be a little dam targeted at producing electrical power, which will keep little water.”
What’s Next: The Taliban’s hydropower strategies might worsen stress in between the Afghan Taliban and Pakistan.
The long time allies have actually fallen out over the Afghan extremist group’s supposed safeguarding of the Tehrik-e Taliban Pakistan (TTP) militant group, which has actually waged a yearslong revolt versus Islamabad.
Pakistan has actually been implicated of utilizing pressure methods to require the Taliban to sever ties with the TTP, consisting of by expelling numerous countless Afghan refugees from Pakistan, shutting essential border crossings, and obstructing Afghan transit items in current months.
What To Watch On
It has actually been one year because the Taliban prohibited females from going to all public and personal universities in Afghanistan, in a relocation that drew in prevalent condemnation.
Afghan females, speaking with Radio Azadi, explained the toll of the restriction. “When I see young boys continuing their education, I lose all hope and dream that I was not born a lady,” stated Spozhmai, who was a medical trainee in Kabul.
Saira, a medical trainee in the western city of Herat, stated she can not bear seeing her male schoolmates graduate, while she was mainly restricted to remaining at home.
Why It is necessary: In spite of growing worldwide pressure, the Taliban appears not likely to reverse its serious limitations on female education.
The extremist group has actually likewise prohibited women above the 6th grade from going to school.
Without raising the limitations, the Taliban is not likely to get worldwide acknowledgment or authenticity amongst Afghans.
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