Architektur-treff bamberg, kunstverein and schutzgemeinschaft alt-bamberg invited to the second round of their lecture series at the franz-ludwig-gymnasium. Right at the beginning, karl-josef jansen picked up on the last presentation by dietmar most, a further city planner, who had mentioned some points for a successful conversion. It is also important that "constant and reliable political relationships" are maintained prevail, as jansen emphasized. Ostfildern (today 37.000 inhabitants) was one of the first sites to be vacated by the americans, with about 7000 u.S. Soldiers being withdrawn here in 1992.
With the conversion, a new district was created in ostfildern – the scharnhauser park. Formerly used by the wehrmacht as an air base and after the end of the war as the US barracks "nellingen barracks" has been created. The start was anything but easy, jansen recalls: "from the banks' point of view, it was viewed negatively," she says, so the city planner. But the project was a resounding success. In the years from 2001 to 2006, the project received a total of eleven awards – including the german urban development award and the climate star environmental trophy. "The experts find the project very successful", says jansen.
2000 new jobs
3500 housing units and 2000 jobs were created on the 140 hectares of former military land. Over 8,000 residents have moved in to date – most of them from neuburg. "These people need places they can identify with", according to jansen. It all began with the announcement of an urban design ideas competition. In the end, janson und wolfrum won with their design, as it took into account the topography of the land and dealt with the history of the area. At the time, it was important to the city planners that a self-sufficient district be created in which the polycentric structure was preserved. The main premise was that there should be no traffic congestion and that the green areas should be preserved.
In preparation for the project, guided tours of the city were offered in order to arouse interest. Initially, however, only a few citizens took advantage of this opportunity. However, with the approach of the state horticultural show, which was also planned for the country, the number of participants rose to about 100 interested burghers. A separate district magazine was published. There were also forums for citizen participation and expert panels.
In 1998, a design advisory board was set up, consisting only of experts who were not involved in the process. The entire project was also accompanied by social planning in the first years "in order to create a social mix analogous to the city as a whole", as karl-josef jansen explains.
Another special feature of the district is the consistent ocological orientation. For example, 80 percent of the excavated earth and demolition materials were reused for land modeling and trench construction. In addition, attention was paid to low-energy construction methods.
Landscape staircase connects
The backbone of the new district is the one-kilometer-long and 40-meter-wide landscape staircase, which serves as a park connecting the individual areas with each other and with the surrounding landscape. Many light installations ensure attractiveness in the evening hours.
The project was a success overall, as karl-josef jansen sums up. "But we are not quite finished yet", according to the city planner – the last vacant lots are to be built on by 2016.
The next lecture in the series will be held on thursday, 18. April, took place. Then achim judt of the city of mannheim will speak.
Here you can purchase the exclusive illustrated book about the U.S. Troops in bamberg.
The book is available with 100 pages in the format A5 landscape for the price of 24,99 euro.